With the development of the reform and opening up policy, space for reform is shrinking, vertical flow of population structure is solidifying and conflict of interest is expanding. In order to cope with the effects of unstable factors, a stability system is formed by establishing a system of politics and law, supported by public security, legal courts, petitions, urban management and other institutions as well as responsibility at the grass-roots government level. The expenditures for maintaining such a stability system have caused a lot of controversy. The maintenance of the stability system is unsustainable and transparency in governments is the most efficient way to address this problem. Public governance is meant to guide people to understand but not to guard against the common people, among which communication and full information are the most crucial ones. Without transparency in the government, no fair and open supervision system can be achieved.
Based on this, Unirule Institute of Economics conducted a research on transparency in local governments starting from 2011. The research touched Regulation on Open Government Information in China and evaluated the implementation effect of Regulation on Open Government Information in some cities. Then, the research drew lessons from law on open government information from developed countries, putting forward seven goals, namely: cadre information transparency, fiscal transparency, decision-making mechanism transparency, administrative transparency, public service transparency, local government enterprise transparency and rights protection transparency.